A port master plan is the port’s image with developed all the necessary marine infrastructure and appropriate transport connection at a future point in time, normally twenty (20) to thirty (30) years, when the optimum operational layout for serving the expected shipping forecast is archived with matching land connections and a program towards that end. The proposed works are determined taking into account the optimum functional layout to accommodate the estimated traffic, adequate land and sea area for future operation, as well as good transport connections with local and national network.
The planning process is a complex task involving technical, nautical, economic, environmental, legal and social parameters and therefore requires a multidisciplinary approach. A crucial aspect of the analysis is the estimation of expected flows of cargo and passengers which will in turn determine the size and type of marine works needed in order to meet the future demand.
Comprehensive port planning at that level is of great importance for the port management so as to properly evaluate the proposed port development plan and its operational characteristics as well as to obtain financing and acquire permits from the licensing authorities.